Xavier Michon is the deputy executive secretary with the United Nations Capital Development Fund. DOI: 10.19044/ESJ.2014.V10N31P%P Corpus ID: 55732331. State wants to protect the environment use various intervention instruments, including environmental taxes: “green taxes.” In addition to the fiscal function, they are to stimulate various types of entities to undertake specific actions conducive to reducing pressure on the environment. The third edition is fully revised and updated to reflect the latest developments and research in the field including more coverage of governments and governance, feminist theory, emotional labor theory, and grounded research methodology. do not enable prediction of outcomes (Levering 2002:38). Being at a global development crossroad under an era plagued by major global challenges including financial crisis, poor governance, economic inequalities, climate change, food insecurity, human rights injustices, among others calls for a concerted effort from all the stakeholders to … LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION @article{Brokaj2014LOCALGR, title={LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION}, author={Rezarta Brokaj}, journal={European Scientific Journal, ESJ}, year={2014}, … For example, in one third of the countries the OECD reviewed, the centres of government (through the offices of Prime Ministers Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Concept mapping can take many forms, including: Typical complexities include the following: to government’s role in sustainable development. The tourism industry plays a prominent part in the economic development Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. capacity of the classical models of biomedical research to provide effective answers regarding their comprehension, prevention and control. A. Parliaments and sustainable development As the elected representatives of their people, parliamentarians have a critical role to play in driving forward people-centred development that is reflective of and responsive to the needs of their con- stituents. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy's branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. analyses (Liehr and Smith 1999: 13). The Sustainable Development Goal Fund (SDG-F) is proactive and groundbreaking as it was one of the first mechanisms to implement joint programmes in the field, working alongside UN agencies, national governments, civil society, business, academia and communities. Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging. It turns outthat the constructivist frameworkrepresents an adequate epistemologicalfoundation for this undertaking, as, Constructivism is an effective learning philosophy and a pedagogical theory of learning. LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION Rezarta Brokaj University “Ismail Qemali” Vlorë Abstract Recent statistical information indicates that tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world (WTO, 2013). A critical aspect of sustainable development is the building and strengthening of governmental institutions that establish and oversee the manner in which countries meet … Sustainable Development (HM Government, 1994a) was a disappointment. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has identified the private sector as a main partner in sustainable development. The four sections describe the politics of the global environment in the context of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; the debate on sustainability and how it has become devalued by widening definitions and overuse; the role of the international economy in undermining global ecology; and prescriptive chapters on ecologically sustainable community development in Africa and South Asia. dimensions for the design of an integrated conceptual and analytical framework. Chapter one of Role Of Local Government System In Enhancing Rural Development. The research aims to verify the hypothesis and assumes the impact of environmental taxes on the public system of financing expenditure on environmental protection. This government sets itself the target to become a developmental state according to the strategic goals of its National Development Plan. This paper addresses the questions concerningthe relationship between scientific andcognitive processes. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for economic development while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. Government Council on Sustainable Development (GCSD) Whilst the centre of government is important, the OECD’s work also illustrates the range of institutional mechanisms that have been used to implement the SDGs. Hence, the main agenda of the government is welfare maximisation. Versions of “functionalism,” and their frameworks, have come to dominate many philosophical debates. On a global scale governments have to address serious challenges such as climate change, ecological dysfunction, and the depletion of natural resources. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY . Table 1 below briefly outlines some of these disciplinary perspectives. This In the last decade a new science of sustainability has emerged, grounded in general systems theory and the conceptual basis of sustainable development. Unfortunately, there is now a damaging interpretive “fog” where “functionalism(s)” is applied because it widely assumed that what I term the Standard Picture is true of the metaphysics of “functionalism” and hence that there are unitary notions of “functional property,” “causal role,” and “realization” based around the machinery of topic-neutral Ramseyfication and second-order properties. Featuring: Jerry Hyman Senior Adviser and President, The Hills Program on Governance, CSIS Democracy has an important role to play in promoting sustainable development. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. India, home to one-sixth of all humanity, holds the key to the success of the 2030 Agenda. The Role of Government Regulation and Leadership in Increasing Sustainability The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization. One of the economic branches, that is qualified as friend of sustainable development is tourism. equity, social security, services, regulatory (e.g. 2005. The roles of Local Government (LG) is intertwined with national development. Instead, its role is a part of a general attitude of the local government to the issues of environmental protection and marine environment protection, and tourism development. Environmental Policy. (ed.). Many that have studied sustainability will say that in contemporary culture, sustainable development is an oxymoron. order), and the provision of certain public goods and services. The purpose of much federal regulation is to provide protection, either to individuals, or to the environment. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy's branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. politics of sustainability discourses and practices. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: TOWARDS CONCEPT MAPPING. uncover related concepts and thereby facilitate a metasynthesis (Nelson 2006). What could be offered by knowledge construction within the developmental processes of personal world constructions is ‘a body of thought’ and ‘a semantic model’ to account for the emergence of the domain of the students’ and of the teachers’ [factual, procedural, conceptual and meta-cognitive] knowledge. Civic engagement and sustainable cities in the United States. Pathways and paradigms for. An analytical framework is thus forged from a conceptual framework in order to understand the potential (causal) relationships between concepts in the search for meaning. 2009. Epistemological constructivism is generally the product of a priori knowledge and a particular interpretation of phenomena. A new arena of political conflict. Role of the Government Can Broadly Be Divided Into Two Parts: 1. should make provision for the following dimensions: CONCEPTUAL AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORKS CLARIFIED, According to Jabareen (2009:49) conceptual frameworks are products of qualitative processes, 2002:38) of a phenomenon. Yet we organize ourselves on a sectoral and hi-erarchical basis. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. On this basis, a number of strategic approaches to LED were designed by local government to realise developmental objectives. Classical and neo-classical theories of government, Theories of Political Control of the Bureaucracy, Developmental states vs. weak or fragile states, Bi-lateral and multilateral co-operation and coordination, Monitoring systems to report on environmental damage, Mandates, role and functions of the respective institutions, Nature of the strategic and operational functioning, Incentives for business to recycle (e.g. Therefore, it is no surprise that the country’s national development goals are mirrored in the SDGs. Let me be more specific and propose a general description of my framework that supports students’ [and teachers’] meaning construction processes within their constructivist conversational exchanges, see [1, 2, 3]. 3.Also, explain the meaning of sustainability in a tourism context and suggest why this might conflict with other perceptions of sustainability. From these studies the need is, issues are captured mainly in the social dimension of sustainability. -term impact of our practices, relationships, and. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) We are at the brink of a global transformation. Santinha, G. and Anselmo de Catro, E. 2010. Final causes may inclusively fit into one another as the causal web extends outward from the individual who behaves: “eating an appetizer fits into eating a meal, which fits into a good diet, which fits into a healthy life, which in turn fits into a generally good life. Understanding the Sciences Through the Fog of “Functionalism(s)”. The role of local governments in sustainable urbanization The world is urban, and it is widely acknowledged that the battle for sustainable development will be won or lost in cities. The students and the teachers move through this semantic loop and organise their personal constructed conceptions in order to construct and produce their individual meanings, to exchange the constructed meanings and to produce their meaningful comprehensions. Government includes political strategies, management, and leadership. In its report to the UN Secretary General, the High Level Panel on Sustainable Development recognized the challenge of integrated policy making, and cited the integration of budgets as a powerful tool to drive coherence across governments. “The SDGs call for bolder action from diverse sectors of the society - government, international organizations, civil society and the private sector,” said Ana Raffo-Caiado, Director of Programme Support and Coordination at the IAEA. ecology. As per the findings of the global consultations on localization – co-led by the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, UN Habitat and UNDP, local and regional governments are essential for promoting inclusive sustainable development within their territories. Public Institutions for SDGs Effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). pollution taxes), Cooperation with private sector PPP, NGOs, Foreign Direct Investment, global competitiveness, Build capital (housing, transportation, energy, industry, Reduction of ecological and carbon footprint, Funding research and development in new greener, OECD Guidelines for multinational enterprises, United Nation’s Guiding Principles on Human Rights, Balance global responsibility and regional autonomy, Sustaining human settlement: A challenge for the new. He is the Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University, and Special Advisor to U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres on the Sustainable Development Goals. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Dodds, H.S. enforce law, policy making, protection, social justice, earth’s biophysical capacity. History . A more recent strategy adopted by the Tanzanian government, the focus of this paper, ... World Health OrganizationCommunity Participation in Local Health and Sustainable Development: Approaches and Techniques The role of the state in fostering sustainable economic development. State participation increased as tourism became a mass phenomenon, reaching a peak shortly after the Second World War in 1939-45. With this in mind, the purpose of this paper is to outline how local governments and international cooperation between municipalities can play a role in sustainable development. sustainability, environmental justice and equity. The authors will also look for an answer to the question whether the policy of “green taxes” can contribute to the sustainable public financial system. It is a fact that many of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) that have been identifi ed will impact on the role and responsibilities of local government, namely, poverty reduction; access to water and sanitation; health; education; economic growth; development of cities and human settlements; and resilience to climate change. It was set up by the Labour Government in June 2000 and closed by the Coalition Government in March 2011. More specifically, it will beshown how cognitive processes and their primaryconcern to construct a representation of theenvironment and to generate functionallyfitting behavior can act as the basis forembedding the activities and dynamics of theprocess of science in them by making use ofconstructivist concepts, such as functionalfitness, structure determinedness, etc.Cognitive science and artificiallife provide the conceptual framework of representational spaces and their interactionbetween each other and with the environmentenabling us to establish this link betweencognitive processes and thedevelopment/dynamics of scientific theories.The concepts of activation, synaptic weight,and genetic (representational) spaces arepowerful tools which can be used asexplanatory vehiclesfor a cognitivefoundation of science, more specifically forthe context of discovery (i.e., thedevelopment, construction, and dynamics ofscientific theories and paradigms).Representational spaces do not only offer us abetter understanding of embedding science incognition, but also show, how theconstructivist framework, both, can act as anadequate epistemological foundation for theseprocesses and can be instantiated by theserepresentational concepts from cognitivescience. In formulating teleological behaviorism as a philosophy of behavioral science, Rachlin follows Aristotle in distinguishing efficient from final causes. Middle range theo. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Possible models include: prosperity and the general welfare of society with the protection of the environment. By Kenneth B. Malmberg June 17, 2013. Literature Review The concept of sustainable development was first proposed by the Brundtland Commission in 1972. The economic dimension. The role of government in building the sustainable economy includes: Funding basic science needed for renewable energy and renewable resource technology. subjects. Nevertheless, our contemporary world shows challenging situations in which the explanatory models of normal sciences have not proved effective. Professor Sachs received the Blue Planet Prize in 2015 for his global leadership in sustainable development. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy’s branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. In concluding, however, I outline some general meta-methodological lessons that can finally help to lift the “fog” enveloping “functionalism(s)” to ground more productive approaches in future work. The final part of this paper addresses somemore fundamental questions concerning thepositivistic and constructivist understandingof science and human cognition. The International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. Expanded chapter conclusions and a brand-new online supplement with sample comprehensive exam questions and summary tables make this an even more valuable resource for all public administration students. Conceptual frameworks are built. Global Ecology: A New Arena of Political Conflict. 17-34. The government takes responsibility for the social and economic development of the country. Qualitative data analysis: An expanded source book, Qualitative research in business and management. Sustainable cities and governance: What are the connections? At the UN Summit on 25 September 2015, the world’s heads of state and government adopted 17 Global Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The EU has become a promoter of the idea of sustainable development and a defender of the global climate, which in many sectors results in ever higher and more ambitious ecological and efficiency requirements. special support strategies and programmes to foster sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Commission (SDC) was a non-departmental public body responsible for advising the UK Government, Scottish Government, Welsh Assembly Government, and Northern Ireland Executive on sustainable development.. The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) was first published on 27 March 2012 and updated on 24 July 2018 and 19 February 2019. In addition, the role that local government plays in facilitating sustainable and resilient local communities is almost universally recognised. In this context, the state has to set the appropriate pace, context and regulations for economic transformation by establishing effective statutory frameworks that seek to protect the environment while making resources available for a sustainable prosperity to be realized. The concepts sustainable development and government are both highly complex and multidimensional. sustainability assessment, sustainable development strategies, footprints, public/private participation, prior informed consent, corporate responsibility, and many others were brought up in Agenda 21 as well as role of Major groups The main reference to dialogue [and conversation] theory is [4]. This book explores the knowledge base of the environmentalist movement which it argues, is no longer knowledge of opposition to the status quo of government and economic system, but is rather now the knowledge used by leaders of the economic system. Pittsburg, PA: University of Pittsburg Press. It works for the benefits of the common people without making any motive to maximise profit. This universal agenda is a call to action for low, middle and high-income countries alike. multiple bodies of knowledge produced from diverse, Table 1: Disciplinary perspectives on sustainable development dimensions and concepts, A further possible dimension according to which the role of government in sustainable. colonialisation, conflict, or stability, state of development (e.g. essential for the collective survival of a society in particular and humankind in general. India is committed to achieve the 17 SDGs and the 169 associated targets, which comprehensively cover social, economic and environmental dimensions of development and focus on ending poverty in all its forms and … … Portney, K. 2005. empowerment (Meadows, Meadows and Randers 1992; Agyeman, Bullard and Evans 2002). A constructivist conversation could be seen as a radical constructivist account of the students’ [and the teachers’] comprehensions. Liehr, P. and Smith, M.J. 1999. Direct Role: The government is a social-welfare organisation. national, regional, industry, rural, or community. The role of community participation for sustainable integrated neglected tropical diseases and ... resources and information. This article attempts to ring-fence the question: What does the role of government entail in sustainable development? sustainability assessment, sustainable development strategies, footprints, public/private participation, prior informed consent, corporate responsibility, and many others were brought up in Agenda 21 as well as role of Major groups All rights reserved. To get there, the World Bank is working with countries worldwide to ensure that cities and metropolitan regions excel in the three critical roles they play—matchmakers, drivers, and anchors—for people and businesses alike. This framework has been structured following the developmental processes of personal world constructions over students’ and teachers’ conceptions and concept constructions. Creating more intelligent cities: The role of ICT. Chemistry (e.g. It is expected that governments muster coherent policy responses to the highly complex environmental problems that society is facing currently. Cambridge, MA: Research Paper, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. 2.Secondly, to what extent are multinational corporations in tourism displaying green credentials? Private partners, nevertheless, continue to play an important role in developing, managing and implementing these certification systems. purpose make a considerable contribution to demarcate such an inquiry. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The wider the category, the more embracing, the ‘more final’ the cause.” (Rachlin, 1994, p. 21). 'Governance for sustainable development: moving from theory to practice' International Journal of Sustainable Development, Cultural/diversity issues in Public Administration teaching, Measuring and improving quality dimensions in community newspapers, Constructivism, Cognition, and Science – An Investigation of Its Links and Possible Shortcomings, A Constructivist Model of Knowing based on Teacher-Student Dialogues. Growing populations and rapid economic growth significantly increase the demands for. presenting or illustrating the frameworks; determining the level of sophistication and detail to include; the classification and categorisation system to be utilised; government’s role in sustainable development. Sustainable Development (HM Government, 1994a) was a disappointment. designs for generalized causal inference. levels of management to promote the sustainable development of local government. India in its second VNR has made a paradigm shift to a “whole-of-society” approach with Government of India engaging sub-national and local governments, civil society organizations, local communities, people in vulnerable situations and the private sector. The authors survey a broad range of theories and analytical approaches-from public institutional theory to theories of governance-and consider which are the most promising, influential, and important for the field.