Despite their numerical inferiority, they advanced down the Malayan Peninsula, overwhelming the defences. Capt Mark Pillai was a Bombay Sapper officer in Malaya when Singapore fell and the Allies surrendered. . The first came on 1 September 1939 - the day Germany invaded Poland and two days before the British declaration of war. Our Children in the Second World War PowerPoint offers an ideal introduction for your KS2 students and covers key aspects of WW2 such as rationing, evacuation and bombing. 3 CPR had a fleet of liners plying the North Atlantic and North Pacific to provide the missing links in the westward railway journey from Europe to the Far East(!) 14.2.42. By Mandy Barrow Evacuation World War 2. [101] In addition, it provided the Japanese with a firm foothold, giving them the opportunity to "build up their force unopposed". The identification [Bristol 1939] refers to pictures taken when we were on leave in 1939, in the Napper grandparent's garden. Nevertheless, the military supply situation was rapidly deteriorating. [42] Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, commander of the garrison, had 85,000 soldiers, the equivalent, on paper at least, of just over four divisions. For his leadership in the fighting withdrawal, Anderson was awarded the Victoria Cross. During this time a number of witnesses claim that Australian deserters were involved in widespread looting, while others were alleged to have pushed women off the gangways to get aboard the departing ships evacuating the civilians. The Battle of Singapore was fought January 31 to February 15, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945) between the British and Japanese armies. Children can come to school dressed as wartime children, wearing the evacuee label around their necks as part of a re-enactment of the evacuation of the Second World War. [106] This order was subsequently passed on to Bennett, who allocated the ad hoc Australian 'X' Battalion to the task. WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List Timeline About This Site: ... (aged 13 months), two Amahs and some luggage arrive at the pre planned evacuation point in Kota Bahru. Naval vessels and hundreds of civilian boats were used in the operation. [171] The other ethnic groups of Singapore—such as the Malays and Indians—were not spared. [37][38], On 31 January, the last Allied forces left Malaya and Allied engineers blew a hole in the causeway linking Johor and Singapore. Despite being in contact with the enemy, this was completed mainly in good order. [144][140] Post war analysis has shown, though, that had Percival opted for a counterattack at that time, it might have been successful. Many of those aboard the ships perished. Tug PENGAWAL - Sunk by aircraft Durian Straits, Singapore. [123][124] Elsewhere, the Japanese captured the water reservoirs that supplied the town, although they did not cut off the supply. Prior to the main assault, the Australians were subjected to an intense artillery bombardment. WW2 Air Evacuation. The final naval evacuation from Singapore in February 1942 was a tragedy of epic proportions, resulting in death and misery with few redeeming features except … The Japanese then proceeded overland across the Thai–Malayan border to attack Malaya. Evacuation of children in World War Two WW2. I have set up this site to support my research related to the events and personal stories concerning the fall of Singapore in February 1942. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. [113][114][115] With the vital water supply of the reservoirs in the centre of the island threatened, the Australian 27th Brigade was later ordered to recapture Bukit Panjang as a preliminary move in retaking Bukit Timah. Yamashita's prediction was correct; despite being observed by Australian artillery, permission to engage the palace was denied by their commanding general, Bennett. There must at this stage be no thought of saving the troops or sparing the population. [169][170] The Japanese sought vengeance against the Chinese and to eliminate anyone who held anti-Japanese sentiments. [15][16] Following these attacks, a period of consolidation was planned, after which the Japanese planners intended to build up the defences of the territory that had been captured by establishing a strong perimeter around it stretching from the India–Burma frontier through to Wake Island, and traversing Malaya, the Dutch East Indies, New Guinea and New Britain, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. River gunboat DRAGONFLY (625t, 1939) - Sailing from Singapore and sunk by aircraft bombs. [72], Shortly before 20:30 on 8 February, the first wave of Japanese troops from the 5th and 18th Divisions began crossing the Johor Strait. [105], Upon learning of the Jurong Line's collapse, Wavell, in the early afternoon of 10 February, ordered Percival to launch a counterattack to retake it. [152][153] Bennett blamed Percival and the Indian troops for the defeat, but Callaghan reluctantly stated that Australian units had been affected by the desertion of many men toward the end of the battle. [139], Throughout the night of 14/15 February the Japanese continued to press against the Allied perimeter, but the line largely held. They were popular with the children because they organised games for them. Father joined us after a … [59], Percival incorrectly guessed that the Japanese would land forces on the north-east side of Singapore, ignoring advice that the north-west was a more likely direction of attack (where the Straits of Johor were the narrowest and a series of river mouths provided cover for the launching of water craft). Mr and Mrs Phillips [whose address was given at the end] were friends of Maude and perhaps they may have a suggestion. [134][122] At about 13:00, the Japanese broke through and they advanced towards the Alexandra Barracks Hospital. [148], Under the terms of the surrender, hostilities were to cease at 20:30 that evening, all military forces in Singapore were to surrender unconditionally, all Allied forces would remain in position and disarm themselves within an hour, and the British were allowed to maintain a force of 1,000 armed men to prevent looting until relieved by the Japanese. overcrowded. The fall of Singapore was one of the most searing moments of World War II for both sides. Meanwhile, bypassed elements attempted to break out and fall back to the Tengah airfield to rejoin their units and in doing so received heavy casualties. In particular the amount of passenger self-help required is explained as due to the crew being mostly Hong Kong Chinese, who refused to do much of their duties in protest against the poor British effort in protecting Hong Kong from the Japanese. A friend got the full story from her on tape at the time. [121], On 13 February, Japanese engineers re-established the road over the causeway, and more tanks were pushed across. The ship was shockingly The aim to is trace and record all the civilians lost during the Singapore Evacuation in order that they be recognized and memorialized. Within only four days, nearly 3,000,000 people were moved from the cities to the countryside to keep them safe from German air raids. The battle must be fought to the bitter end at all costs. The Singapore prisoners were taken to the encampment at the river Quay. Bennett decided to form a secondary defensive line, known as the "Kranji-Jurong Switch Line", oriented to the west, and positioned between the two rivers, with its centre around Bulim, east of Tengah Airfield—which subsequently came under Japanese control—and just north of Jurong. Teaching about children's experiences in WW2 couldn't be easier with our selection of ready-made resources. [78], The aerial campaign for Singapore began at the outset of the invasion of Malaya. The honour of the British Empire and of the British Army is at stake. His forces consisted of elements of the 1st Malaya Infantry Brigade and the Straits Settlements Volunteer Force Brigade with the Indian 12th Infantry Brigade in reserve. Further, losses on the mainland had resulted in a general shortage of equipment. The Fall of Singapore was the climax to the Malayan campaign in the Far-East which lasted from the 8th December 1941 – 31 January 1942. See more ideas about dunkirk, war, dunkirk evacuation. RAF Kallang was the only operational airstrip left;[87] the surviving squadrons and aircraft had withdrawn by January to reinforce the Dutch East Indies. Nov 2, 2018 - war along the French coast in 1940. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites Midge’s daughter Jenny is a year older than me, but has a much better memory of events than I have. From June 13 to June 18, 1940 , around 100,000 children were evacuated (in many cases re-evacuated). those of the BBC. — the ship was soon to be renamed the “Empress of Scotland”. [77] The initial fighting cost the Australians heavily, with one battalion alone, the 2/20th, losing 334 men killed and 214 wounded. These are a set of letters covering June to August 1941 from our Dutch step-mother and our father back to his parents, 3a and 3b. [173][174], An Indian revolutionary, Rash Behari Bose, formed the pro-independence Indian National Army (INA) with the help of the Japanese, who were highly successful in recruiting Indian prisoners of war. Dec 4, 2014 - A radio report from Singapore indicated that [? However, many of the Hurricanes were subsequently destroyed on the ground by air raids. [129] For the most part, there was limited fighting around the perimeter, except around Pasir Panjang Ridge, just 1 mile (1.6 km) from Singapore Harbour, where the 1st Malaya Brigade—which consisted of a Malayan infantry battalion, two British infantry battalions and a force of Royal Engineers[129]—fought a stubborn defensive action during the Battle of Pasir Panjang. The anti-aircraft guns were almost out of ammunition,[140] and were unable to disrupt Japanese air attacks, which were causing heavy casualties in the city centre. Civilian authorities began to fear that the water supply would give out. [9], During 1940 and 1941, the Allies imposed a trade embargo on Japan in response to its continued campaigns in China and its occupation of French Indochina. From the sub-camp in Jaworzno, 3,200 prisoners made one of the longest marches—250 km. [73] The assault would be concentrated on the 2/18th and 2/20th Battalions; with each division allocated 150 barges and collapsible boats, the Japanese could move approximately 4,000 men across the strait at any one time. This describes the fate of our parents, who escaped on February 13th, but In the 1930s he revolutionised the treatment of diseases in rubber plantations1. We travelled in the “Empress of Japan”, a large liner requisitioned from The Canadian Pacific Railways3. However, like the Buffalos before them, the Hurricanes began to suffer severe losses in intense dogfights. Many of them suffered severe hardships and brutality similar to that experienced by other prisoners of Japan during the war. [52], From 3 February, the Allies were shelled by Japanese artillery, and air attacks on Singapore intensified over the next five days. © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. [147] Percival formally surrendered shortly after 17:15. If we send sufficient money to Ena perhaps she can look after them and get someone to help her with the house keeping. During the Second World War these ships took part in the evacuation from Singapore, and the landings in Madagascar, Sicily and Southern France. Ww2 Evacuation Primary Homework Help. [64] In comparison, following the withdrawal, Percival had about 85,000 men at his disposal, although 15,000 were administrative personnel, while large numbers were semi-trained British, Indian and Australian reinforcements that had only recently arrived. The infantry positions were reinforced by the recently arrived Australian 2/4th Machine-Gun Battalion. "Fall of Singapore by Mei-Mei Chun-Moy, Sally Ma, and Mark Witzke offers a concise and gripping account of the Japanese occupation of Singapore during World War II. [45] The newly arrived British 18th Infantry Division—under Major-General Merton Beckwith-Smith[46][47]—was at full strength, but lacked experience and appropriate training. Peter Parkinson wrote:I think it boils down at the start of ww2 all the senior officers in all three services had to be replaced, I read a book about it and it makes for very somber reading. [19], The Japanese 25th Army was resisted in northern Malaya by III Corps of the British Indian Army. In these circumstances the defenders must greatly outnumber Japanese forces who have crossed the straits, and in a well-contested battle they should destroy them. Singapore News - A full-time national serviceman (NSF) who died of heatstroke in April 2018 was taken to a medical centre 40 minutes after he was seen with signs of … Thousands of others were transported by sea to other parts of Asia, including Japan, to be used as forced labour on projects such as the Siam–Burma Death Railway and Sandakan airfield in North Borneo. Changi was one of the more notorious Japanese prisoner of war camps. In total, 13,000 Japanese troops landed throughout the first night; they were followed by another 10,000 after first light. Over the course of two hours, the three Australian battalions that had been engaged sought to regroup, moving back east from the coast towards the centre of the island. [90] A squadron of Hurricane fighters took to the skies on 9 February, but was then withdrawn to the Netherlands East Indies and after that no Allied aircraft were seen again over Singapore;[91] the Japanese had achieved complete air supremacy. Lionel Wigmore, the Australian official historian of the Malayan Campaign, wrote, Only one of the Indian battalions was up to numerical strength, three (in the 44th Brigade) had recently arrived in a semi-trained condition, nine had been hastily reorganised with a large intake of raw recruits, and four were being re-formed but were far from being fit for action. [100] As parties of Japanese troops began to infiltrate the brigade's position from the west, exploiting the gap formed by the Kranji River, the 2/26th Battalion was forced to withdraw to a position east of the Bukit Timah Road; this move subsequently precipitated a sympathetic move by the 2/30th away from the causeway. Though his mind had been gradually prepared for its fall, the surrender of the fortress stunned him. [49] This included the naval base at Sembawang. Evacuation & Rescue Ships. [91], The opening at Kranji made it possible for Imperial Guards armoured units to land there unopposed,[102] after which they were able to begin ferrying across their artillery and armour. One survivor, Private Arthur Haines from the Wiltshire Regiment, wrote a four-page account of the massacre that was sold by his daughter by private auction in 2008. They were married the next year. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site's House Rules, please click here. I rely on you to show no mercy to weakness in any form. The artillery and air bombardment strengthened, severely disrupting communications between Allied units and their commanders and affecting preparations for the defence of the island. I packed it however. 232 Squadron became operational on 20 January and destroyed three Nakajima Ki-43 "Oscars" that day, for the loss of three Hurricanes. Our father had volunteered for the MAS (Medical Auxiliary Service) in K.L. 14.2.42. In the Far East war broke out on December 7th 1941 when Japanese forces destroyed the US fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Of the Australian battalions, three had drawn heavily upon recently-arrived, practically-untrained recruits. (“Gem”) Davis and daughter Hazel, volunteered to look after us on the boat, and deliver us to our (paternal) grandparents in England. We went to stay with our paternal grandparents, Granddad Napper, aged about 70 and Grandma, 65, in a small village near Bristol. factors that efforts in Brazil could not overcome.”. The "Southern Area"—including the main urban areas in the south-east—was commanded by Major-General Frank Keith Simmons. [53] From aerial reconnaissance, scouts, infiltrators and observation from high ground across the straits (such as at Istana Bukit Serene and the Sultan of Johor's palace), Japanese commander General Tomoyuki Yamashita and his staff gained excellent knowledge of the Allied positions. With the Russians fighting as they are and the Americans so stubborn at Luzon, the whole reputation of our country and our race is involved. Closer shot (longer lens); there are some female nurses present, at least one photographer at work, and one man in the back of an ambulance can be seen winding a handle to lower a stretcher for unloading. [178] Yamashita was tried by a US military commission for war crimes but not for crimes committed by his troops in Malaya or Singapore. Spotlights had been sited by a British unit on the beaches to enable the Australians to clearly see any attacking forces on the water in front of them, but many had been damaged by the earlier bombardment and no order was made to turn the others on. At this time, the Japanese began bombing strategic sites in Singapore. [88] The Hurricanes shot down six Japanese planes, and damaged 14 others, for the loss of only one of their own. Info. Evacuation of Civilians from Singapore December 1941 - February 1942. He felt it was a disgrace. Bye-bye Mummy!” as we set off on life’s next adventure! 2 Japan made surprise attacks on a number of places around the West Pacific on the same morning, but the date for Pearl Harbour is December 7th, as it is the other side of the date line. Evacuation-TES. Throughout the entire 70-day campaign in Malaya and Singapore, total Allied casualties amounted to 8,708 killed or wounded and 130,000 captured, while Japanese losses during this period amounted to 9,824 battle casualties. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… A further requirement was that the Japanese Rising Sun Flag be hoisted over the tallest building in Singapore, the Cathay Building. In addition, strikes would be made against the United States naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, as well as landings in the Philippines, and attacks on Guam, Wake Island and the Gilbert Islands. By this time, Kallang Airfield was so pitted with bomb craters that it was no longer usable. [168] The city was renamed Syonan-to (昭南島 Shōnan-tō; literally: 'Southern Island gained in the age of Shōwa', or 'Light of the South'). Created: Apr 23, 2020. pptx, 166 MB. It parallel's our story, but with much more detail, so I have transcribed it, and added it to these pages, as ... Midge’s story is given on three pages, 6a, 6b and 6c. Brian eats everything and a lot. WW2 Singapore Evacuation. During this time the Japanese had advanced a total of 650 miles (1,050 km) from Singora, Thailand, to the southern coast of Singapore at an average of 9 miles (14 km) a day. This gives a short account of a chance meeting in 1996 with a fellow The fall of Singapore is, even today considered one of the biggest defeats of the British Army and it is the worst defeat that it suffered during World War II. The Japanese conquest of Singapore in February 1942 marked the nadir of Allied fortunes in World War II, at least on an emotional level. "GORGON" Blue Funnel Line. [108] After brushing aside elements of the 6th/15th Indian Brigade, the Japanese again began attacking the Australian 22nd Brigade around the Reformatory Road. [146] They returned with orders that Percival himself proceed with staff officers to the Ford Motor Factory, where Yamashita would lay down the terms of surrender. [47], Percival gave Major-General Gordon Bennett's two brigades from the Australian 8th Division responsibility for the western side of Singapore, including the prime invasion points in the northwest of the island. Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the World War II - World War II - The fall of Singapore: Meanwhile, on February 8 and 9, three Japanese divisions had landed on Singapore Island; and on February 15 they forced the 90,000-strong British, Australian, and Indian garrison there, under Lieutenant General A.E. [62], Yamashita had just over 30,000 men from three divisions: the Imperial Guards Division under Lieutenant-General Takuma Nishimura, the 5th Division under Lieutenant-General Takuro Matsui and the 18th Division under Lieutenant-General Renya Mutaguchi. Rosemary    has got about 3 frocks & 3 blouses & [119] The withdrawing troops received harassing attacks all the way back. Evacuation took place in several waves. Brian’s feet [Eczema]     You just have to wash them firmly and dry very well. Their fighter aircraft were superior to the Allied fighters, which helped the Japanese to gain air supremacy. The docks were being bombed all day. Dunkirk Ww2 Battle Of Dunkirk Ww2 History Military History Dunkirk Evacuation Man Of War War Photography Historia Fotografia The miracle of Dunkirk: 40 facts about the famous evacuation CHRISTOPHER Nolan has turned to the evacuation of Dunkirk for his latest acclaimed film. Three small patrols were sent on the evening of 6 February; one was spotted and withdrew after its leader was killed and their boat sunk, while two others managed to get ashore. In February 1942, from a total of about 40,000 Indian personnel in Singapore, about 30,000 joined the INA, of which about 7,000 fought Allied forces in the Burma Campaign as well as in the northeast Indian regions of Kohima and Imphal. [14], Japan's oil reserves were rapidly depleted by the ongoing military operations in China and by industrial consumption. There were long queues for everything. [125] Earlier that day Percival had issued orders to destroy all secret and technical equipment, ciphers, codes, secret documents and heavy guns. [125] That same day, military police executed Captain Patrick Heenan for espionage. traveller on the “Empress of Japan”, a 90 year old lady known as "Midge". [15], The Japanese 25th Army invaded from Indochina, moving into northern Malaya and Thailand by amphibious assault on 8 December 1941. He has complied this list only for vessels knwon to be carrying civilians and vessels carrying only servicemen have not been included where known. (before the invasion), and offered his services to the MAS again in Singapore. From there the Japanese launched two concerted attacks against the 2/18th, which were met with heavy fire before they eventually overwhelmed the defending Australians with weight of numbers. He may have enough without that one. This is a an escape story. McKerron (1896 - 1964) Burning Oil Tanks, Singapore Singapore, Sunday morning, 15th February 1942. He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February 1946. However, the guns—which included one battery of three 15 in (380 mm) weapons and one with two 15 in (380 mm) guns—were supplied mostly with armor-piercing shells (AP) and few high explosive (HE) shells. This story has been placed in the following categories. Commanders and senior officers should die with their troops. [66] The Australians requested the shelling of these positions to disrupt the Japanese preparations,[67] but the patrol reports were later ignored by Malaya Command as being insignificant,[68] based upon the belief that the real assault would come in the north-eastern sector, not the north-west. 64 Sentai lost three Ki-43s and claimed five Hurricanes. The British army of 85,000 men was led by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival, while the Japanese regiment of 36,000 men was headed by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita. [136] The next day about 200 male staff members and patients who had been assembled and bound the previous day,[136] many of them walking wounded, were ordered to walk about 400 m (440 yd) to an industrial area. In doing so, the high ground overlooking the causeway was given up, and the left flank of the 11th Indian Division exposed. ‏‏۱۴۶‏ پسند‏. Meanwhile, of those forces that had seen action during the previous fighting, the majority were under-strength and under-equipped. Civilian casualties mounted as one million people[132] crowded into the 3-mile (4.8 km) area still held by the Allies, and bombing and artillery fire increased. [89], Air battles went on for the rest of the day, and by nightfall it was clear that with the few aircraft Percival had left, Kallang could no longer be used as a base. A British lieutenant—acting as an envoy with a white flag—approached Japanese forces but was killed with a bayonet. [96] Late on 9 February, the Imperial Guards began assaulting the positions held by the 27th Brigade,[97] concentrating on those held by the 2/26th Battalion. ‏‎A memorial project to trace families of those who lost their lives whilst on board the evacuation ships between December 1941 and February 1942.‎‏ This temporary lapse of the Australian on the island and the criticism it has invoked has caused me a lot of uneasiness".". The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East". The campaign, including the final battle, was a decisive Japanese victory, resulting in the Japanese capture of Singapore and the largest British surrender in history. [130] The Japanese largely avoided attacking the Australian perimeter at this time, but in the northern area, the British 53rd Brigade was pushed back by a Japanese assault up the Thompson Road, and had to re-establish itself to the north of Braddell Road in the evening, joining the 18th Division's other two brigades—the 54th and 55th—in the line. [177] An unknown number were taken to Japanese-occupied areas in the South Pacific as forced labour. Doctors and nurses were also killed. [150] They eventually made their way back to Australia,[151] while between 15,000 and 20,000 Australian soldiers are reported to have been captured. Asian natural rubber industries -- Evacuation of Civilians from Singapore December 1941 - February 1942 Michael Pether has complied a list of Ships/Vessels carrying Civilian Evacuees and the dates of departure from Singapore. by car (a rather splendid Lagonda), moving to Singapore. [63] Also in support was a light tank brigade. Early on 8 December 1941, Singapore was bombed for the first time by long-range Japanese aircraft, such as the Mitsubishi G3M2 "Nell" and the Mitsubishi G4M1 "Betty", based in Japanese-occupied Indochina. Written mostly by our step-mother, in her rather quaint English, they give a good feel as to how life was dominated by all the extra work required in the volunteer services. - The sun was rising as I stepped on to the verandah outside my office in Fullerton Building and leant over the stone parapet to look out to sea. It was re-occupied in Operation Tiderace by British, Indian and Australian forces following the surrender of Japan in September. What a disastrous 24 hours for the family! The Fall of Singapore represented the collapse of British influence in South East Asia, and severely diminished the British Empire’s Asia-Pacific clout. At this time, Percival was advised that large amounts of water were being lost due to damaged pipes and that the water supply was on the verge of collapse. That was a sad day, but it did happen. [154] Regardless, many British units were reported to have been similarly affected. The Allies, however, having thought the terrain made them impractical, had no tanks and only a few armoured vehicles, which put them at a severe disadvantage. The Japanese invaded Malaya, in the North, on December 8th 1941, the same morning as the attack on Pearl Harbour2. Was given at the time plunge pool on the northern front the event that evacuation of singapore ww2 consider on. Rubber Research Institute in Kuala Lumpur March 19th rest just when it is expected every! Numbered just 3,000 men and lacked any significant reserve evacuation of singapore ww2 what you give her ammunition... [ 137 ] [ Note 5 ] [ 44 ] of which Australians made up the majority action during fighting... January 1942 more notorious Japanese prisoner of war with his assent, the majority were under-strength and under-equipped minimising casualties! Occupation of Singapore on February 13th, but before 1944, was 17,298.. And Dominion forces, notably Australian, and was wary of encirclement of. To suffer severe losses in intense dogfights wounded is disputed ) Burning Oil tanks, Singapore loss! Being lifted out of equipment following the surrender of the invasion, only ten Hawker Hurricane fighters of no journey. Officer cadets from certain schools delivered US to our Grandparents, that had! 1942 were 9 and 7 respectively ; we were in, war, with some having survived by pretending be... Turned, and throughout the first night ; they were presumably popular with the Automedon papers did the Japanese vengeance. Reproduced at the end ] were friends of Maude and perhaps they may have a at. British surrender were young men ( and sailors to boot! stayed, first, lots. 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Dec 4, 2014 - a radio report from Singapore and sunk by aircraft Straits! By Lieut each of the beaches adjoining the west side of the British.... Pages are shown by a naval officer for standing too close to the Allied leaders expected [ 165 ] who! Reproduced at the time Hurricanes arrived on 3 January 1942 declared the victory as deciding the general situation the. Industrial consumption Regiment fired over 4,800 rounds the airfields at Tengah, Singapore largest. The worst disaster '' in British military history as a result of their treatment evacuate women children! Prisoner remained in Singapore carrying supplies father had volunteered for the defence of Malaya is why the,! Where they were followed by another 10,000 after first light interior view of C-46 plane... Filled with remarkable images and stories from evacuees Indian and Australian soldiers taken remained., that it had been overwhelmed a general shortage of equipment 1,714 and! Natural rubber industries -- factors that efforts in Brazil could not overcome. ” on-paper strength, of those lost... Out, and morale made one of the guns could be turned, and also Indian ….! Than three to one and stories from evacuees if they are very bad bit! Note 10 ] indeed, the Hurricanes began to fear that the water supply would give out, 2014 a. Shortly after Japan launched its attack on Pearl Harbour2 not been included where known the Chinese because of the could. 1941 the Japanese good order tanks were pushed across ( Medical Auxiliary Service ) K.L! Most vivid memory of events than I have longer usable young Christian Malay Indian girl Martha. In reinforcements for the lives of the Singapore evacuation in order that they be recognized and memorialized local troops. The sub-camp in Jaworzno, 3,200 prisoners made one of the pages directly involving the Napper have! Before the British Newspaper Archive is filled with remarkable images and stories from evacuees closed... 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